Average wages in Hungary grew by an annual 8.2% in May, the Central Statistical Office (KSH) said. Average gross wages came to 431,600 forints (EUR 1,204), while net earnings were 287,000. Gross wages not accounting for bonuses came to 402,900 forints, up an annual 7.8%. Gross wages in the private sector grew by 6.7%, while public sector salaries increased by 10.6%. In the first five months of the year, both gross and net average wages rose by an annual 9.4%.
Ministry of Innovation and Technology (ITM) state secretary Sándor Bodó noted that wages had increased even during the toughest period of the coronavirus epidemic. He told public broadcaster M1 that in the course of successive hikes to the minimum wage carried out since 2010, the wage for unskilled workers rose from 73,500 forints to 167,400, while that for skilled employees went up from 89,500 to 219,000, with a corresponding effect on wages in general.
He said new government measures would be needed in the future in order to give fresh impetus to wage growth, and among the questions in the National Consultation survey is one concerning the level of the minimum wage. Bodó added that the government is likely to make decisions on ensuring further wage growth towards the end of the year. Dávid Németh, an analyst of K&H Bank, told MTI that labour shortages may put upward pressure on wages, though at the same time rising inflation had the effect of flattening out real wages. He said the outcome of the minimum wage next year and thereafter would be a big factor in how far wages rise further, while if inflation returns to near 3% by mid-2022, real wage growth could again hit pre-pandemic levels of around 7%. Péter Virovácz of ING Bank noted the slight slowdown in average wage growth in May which remained buoyant nonetheless, and he attributed this to the way wages in the public sector are set, resulting in double-digit growth. In the corporate sector, however, wage growth slowed significantly by May. Any effect on wages due to labour shortages would appear in the June data, he said. Virovácz said wage growth was expected to be around 9% this year.